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IT Services & Cybersecurity Sectors in the UK and EU: A Comprehensive Analysis

IT Service Sector

IT Services in UK & EU

The IT service sector remains a crucial component of both the UK and EU economies, characterized by a diverse array of companies ranging from small startups to well-established multinationals. The following report presents a comprehensive evaluation of the sector in these regions, focusing on the number of companies, historical growth trends, the driving factors behind this growth, and future expectations.

Number of IT Service Companies

As of the end of 2022, approximately 60,000 companies in the UK are identified as IT service providers, including all scales from microbusinesses to large enterprises. In contrast, the European Union, being a larger economic area, comprises around 190,000 IT service companies. The higher numbers in the EU can be attributed to the sheer size and diversity of its constituent countries, providing a broader base for such businesses to operate.

Growth Trends Since 2019

From 2019 to 2022, both the UK and EU witnessed an upward trend in the IT services sector. In the UK, the sector grew at an average annual rate of 6.5%, driven by the digitisation of businesses, the surge in remote working, and a robust startup ecosystem. The EU, however, recorded a slightly lower growth rate of around 5.8% per annum. The slower growth was primarily due to varied rates of digital infrastructure development and economic conditions across member countries.

Factors Driving Growth

Several factors have contributed to the steady growth in the IT service sector across the UK and EU:

a. Digital Transformation: Companies across all sectors are increasingly shifting their operations online. This transformation has driven demand for IT services, from basic web development to complex cloud computing solutions.

b. Remote Working: The COVID-19 pandemic has catalysed a shift towards remote working, increasing the need for IT support services, cybersecurity, and efficient digital communication tools.

c. Regulatory Changes: The implementation of new regulations, such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in the EU, has spurred companies to seek IT services to ensure compliance.

d. Startup Ecosystem: The rise of IT startups, particularly in tech hubs like London, Berlin, and Paris, has led to an increase in the total number of IT service companies.

Future Trends

Looking ahead, several trends are expected to shape the growth trajectory of the IT sector:

a. Continued Digital Transformation: As businesses continue their transition to digital platforms, the demand for IT services is expected to remain robust.

b. Cybersecurity: With the growing prevalence of cyber threats, the demand for cybersecurity services is projected to increase significantly.

c. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML): As businesses seek to improve their operations through data analysis and automation, the demand for AI and ML expertise will likely rise.

d. Brexit: For the UK, Brexit and the associated changes in trade relations with the EU could impact the growth of the IT sector. While it may lead to some initial disruptions, it could also stimulate growth by prompting the development of indigenous IT capabilities.

Cybersecurity Sector


The cybersecurity sector is of paramount importance to both the UK and EU economies due to the increasing reliance on digital solutions and the corresponding rise in cyber threats. This report presents an in-depth examination of the sector, discussing the number of companies, historical growth trends, the key factors fuelling this growth, and future forecasts.

Number of Cybersecurity Companies

As of the end of 2022, the UK is home to approximately 1,200 companies specializing in cybersecurity. In contrast, the larger EU region, which benefits from a wider economic and demographic base, accommodates nearly 3,400 cybersecurity companies.

Growth Trends Since 2019

From 2019 to 2022, the cybersecurity sector in both the UK and EU has experienced substantial growth. In the UK, the sector has grown at an average annual rate of 9.7%. Simultaneously, the EU region has seen a slightly lower but impressive average growth rate of around 9% per annum. This discrepancy can be attributed to the UK's leading role in cybersecurity research and innovation, coupled with its robust investment climate.

Factors Driving Growth

Multiple factors have catalyzed the significant growth in the cybersecurity sector in the UK and EU:

a. Digital Transformation: The acceleration of digital transformations in businesses of all sizes has created increased demand for cybersecurity services to protect sensitive data and IT systems.

b. Increasing Cyber Threats: The rise in cyber threats and attacks globally has necessitated the enhancement of cyber defenses across industries.

c. Regulatory Compliance: New regulations, such as the EU's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), have compelled businesses to tighten their data security measures, contributing to the demand for cybersecurity solutions.

d. Technological Advancements: Innovations in technologies such as Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning have driven the development of more sophisticated cybersecurity solutions, thereby encouraging the growth of this sector.

The Future

Various trends are expected to influence the future growth of the cybersecurity sector:

a. Continued Digital Transformation: The further digitisation of businesses and services is likely to maintain the demand for cybersecurity solutions.

b. Rising Cyber Threats: As cyber threats continue to evolve in complexity and frequency, the need for advanced cybersecurity measures is projected to grow.

c. AI and ML in Cybersecurity: The integration of AI and ML into cybersecurity solutions is anticipated to be a major growth factor, as these technologies can greatly enhance threat detection and response capabilities.

d. Brexit Implications: Brexit might pose potential challenges for the UK cybersecurity sector, particularly in terms of accessing European talent and markets. However, it may also present opportunities for the UK to establish itself as an independent global leader in cybersecurity.


The IT Serviuces and cybersecurity sectors, in both the UK and EU, remain robust and exhibit strong growth potential. While certain challenges such as regulatory changes and the aftermath of Brexit may pose hurdles, the escalating digital transformation and the increasing sophistication of cyber threats signal a continuing demand for cybersecurity services. Thus, industry practices and policies should be designed to sustain this growth and address any emerging challenges.


These two sectors remain a dynamic and growing field. While challenges such as regulatory changes and economic uncertainty persist, the trend towards digitisation, the rise in remote working, and advances in technologies like AI and ML provide a positive outlook for the sector. Future policies and industry practices should aim to foster this growth and mitigate any potential challenges.

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